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Memory and the Brain: Forming, Storing, and Retrieving Memory.
Memory and Behavior: How Perception, Thinking, and Emotions Influence Memories.
Declarative and Procedural Memory: How We Remember Facts and Movements.
Episodic and Semantic Memory: How Time Affects Memories.
Sleep Well and Remember Well: The Importance of Sleep in Strengthening Memories.
“Flashbulb “Memories of Emotional Events Like 9/11: How Accurate Are They? Do These Memories Change Over Time?
How Stress Affects Memory and Controversies Around Memory: False Memories, Eyewitness Testimony, and Recovery of Repressed Childhood Memories. Memory and Survival.
What is Confabulation? Is it a Memory Disturbance or a Deliberate Lie?
How We Retrieve Memories: Free Recall vs. Recognition. Re-Retrieval and Re-Consolidation.
Why Do We Forget? Is Forgetting Necessary? Decay vs Interference.
- When We Cannot Forget: Memory Savants and PTSD “Flashbacks.”
- The “7 Sins of Memory”: Why Memory Fails Us When We Need It.
- The Effects of Aging on Memory: Normal Forgetting, Age-Associated Memory Impairment, and Mild Cognitive Impairment.
- Do We Know When Memory is Declining? Are Self-Administered Tests of Memory Reliable?
- Ways to Improve Memory and Minimize Decline: Healthy Living and Lifelong Learning.
- Types of Amnesia: Psychogenic vs. Organic Amnesia. Dissociative Amnesia (DSM-5) and Multiple Personality (Dissociative Identity Disorder). Anterograde, Retrograde, and Post-Traumatic Amnesia. Transient Global Amnesia.
- Severe Amnesia Syndromes: Wernicke- Korsakoff Syndrome and Herpes Simplex Encephalitis.
- Common Medical Conditions and Memory Loss: Anemia, Thyroid Disorders, Sleep Apnea, Anxiety & Depression, Heart Disease, Prolonged Anesthesia, and Post-Hospital Syndrome.
- Medications, Memory Loss, & Reversible Memory Disorders: The Obvious Culprits: Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking, Chronic Stress, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Sleep Disorders, and Dietary Deficiencies.
- How Memory Loss Compromises Dental Care: Treating Patients With Memory Loss And Dementia.
- Helping Patients and Caregivers Cope.
- describe the essential components of forming, storing, and retrieving memories.
- list practical ways that perception, time, emotions, stress, and sleep affect memory.
- discuss the differences between normal forgetting, age-related memory decline & amnesia syndromes.
- list the common lifestyle factors, medical conditions and medications that can compromise memory.
- describe useful strategies to preserve memory & help patients and caregivers cope.
- describe how information in this course can be utilized to improve patient care and patient outcomes.
- describe, for this course, the implications for dentistry, mental health, and other health professions.
M. Howard, Ph.D.