Compares and contrasts the different forms of diabetes. Explains why the number of cases of Type 2 diabetes is expanding worldwide. Describes how gut health impacts metabolic health and diabetes risk. Outlines potential complications of diabetes as well as appropriate interventions. Characterizes how insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes are linked to other conditions such as cognitive decline, depression, cancer sleep disorders, and periodontal disease. States the rationale for individualized blood sugar targets. Outlines the specific strategies to prevent, manage, and potentially reverse Type-2 diabetes, including lifestyle, surgical, and pharmacologic interventions. Describes how the information in this course can be utilized to improve patient care and patient outcomes. Describes, for this course, the implications for dentistry, mental health, and other health professions.