Identifies and discusses the principles of medical ethics. Defines and distinguishes between ethics, morals, and values. Identifies the ethical obligations in a clinician-patient relationship. Explains the issues surrounding patient consent, including informed consent, voluntary consent, and competent consent. Discusses ethical principles in preserving patients’ confidentiality, including the requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Explains the legal documents that apply to end-of-life health care decisions and the ethical principles that apply to the right-to-die controversy. Identifies the core values and code of ethics as they should be applied within the medical professions.
Identifies the importance of neurotransmission for higher cognitive functions of the human brain. Outlines known neurotransmitters and their interplay in the brain as well as the influence of various neurotransmitters on thought, mood, and emotions. Identifies the various pharmaceutical and alternative remedies that influence the function of neurotransmitters. Discusses possible ways to optimize patient management and minimize of drug interactions, including those with medications used in dental practice.
Identifies and describe cognitive behavioral therapy techniques used in treatment of insomnia, depression, and anxiety. Discusses how existing communication technology expands psychotherapeutic treatment options. Lists reasons why many people with anxiety disorders never seek medical help. Discusses how non-traditional approaches can improve patient care and outcomes.
Discusses the clinical study of grief from classical to modern times. Identifies emotional, cognitive, behavioral, social, and physical responses to loss. Describes resilience to loss and explain what may increase the likelihood of this response. Discusses the role of grief counseling and when it may be useful. Describes an intervention model for dealing with loss and grief. Explains the differences between normal and complicated grief. Discusses the treatment of grief in children and adolescents.
Identifies pharmacological, herbal, and integrative approaches useful in remission-oriented management of unipolar depression/major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Outlines the issues of neurotransmitter-affecting medications, associated side effects, and interactions with other medications, including drugs used in dental practice. Discusses the optimal strategies for treatment augmentation in cases of treatment-resistant depression. Discusses experimental treatments for depression (e.g., transcranial magnetic therapy and vagus nerve stimulation) with patients.
Identifies the basic neurophysiology, pathogenesis, etiology, and diagnosis of affective unipolar disorder/major depressive disorder (UD/MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Discusses the involvement of various chemical imbalances in these affective disorders, including neurotransmitters and neurohormones such as serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine and cortisol. Lists the differential diagnosis of these conditions and the management of both disorders. Describe the spectrum of available pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and experimental therapies for both conditions.
Describes the origin and goals of the new “positive psychology.” Lists the factors that contribute to happiness and life satisfaction. Discusses the research findings related to happiness and life satisfaction. Lists several activities and exercises that can enhance happiness and life satisfaction.
Explains how the body responds to and processes stress. Identifies the impact of stress on risk for heart disease and the physiological mechanisms that may mediate this link. Describes the role stress may play in increasing risk for health problems across the life span. Identifies a number of interventions for reducing stress.